Most people have had a dog or wanted one as their companion at some time in their lives. If you are thing of buying a dog, however, you should first decide what sort of companion you need and whether the dog is likely to be happy in the surroundings you can provide. Specialists' advice is useful to help you choose the most suitable kind of dog. But in part the decision depends on common sense. Different dogs were originally developed to perform specific tasks. So, if you want a dog to protect you or your house, for example, you should choose the one that has the right size and characteristics. You must also be ready to devote a great deal of time to training the dog when it is young and give it the exercise it needs through out its life, unless you live in the countryside and can let it run freely. Dogs are demanding pets. Cats love the house and so are satisfactory with their place where it is secure, but a dog is loyal to its master and consequently wants him to show proof of his affection. The best time to buy a baby dog is when it is between 6 and 8 weeks old so that it can transfer its love from its mother to its master. If baby dogs have not established a relationship with the human being until they are over three months old, their strong relationship will always be with dogs. They are likely to be shy when they are brought out into the world to become good pets.
1. Which of the following is Not true according to the passage?
A. You can always get help from the specialists.
B. It is common sense that is the most important when choosing a dog.
C. You should decide what kind of dog you want.
D. Size and characteristics of the dogs should be considered too.
2. What is mentioned as a consideration in buying a dog?
A. The color of the dog.
B. The price of the dog.
C. Whether the dog will fit the environment.
D. Whether the dog will get along with the other pets in the house.
3. Why does the writer say a dog is a more demanding pet than a car?
A. It must be trained so that it won't bite.
B. It demands more food and space.
C. It needs more love and care.
D. It must be looked after carefully.
參考答案： C 考點：這是一道理解題。
解析：從這句話：a dog is loyal to master and consequently wants him to show proof of his affection. 我們可知，狗比貓更需用愛護和照顧。所以，C是正確答案。
4. Why is it advised to buy a baby dog under three months old?
A. It's easier to buy a baby dog under three months old.
B. They are less likely to be shy with human beings.
C. They are less likely to run away.
D. It's esier for them to form a relationship with their masters.
5. The word "affection" means _____ .
Concern with money, and then more money, in order to buy the conveniences and luxuries of modern life, has brought great changes to the lives of most Frenchmen. More people are working than ever before in France. In the cities the traditional leisurely midday meal is disappearing. Offices, shops, and factories are discovering the greater efficiency of a short lunch hour in company lunchrooms. In almost all lines of work emphasis now falls on ever-increasing output. Thus the "typical" Frenchman produces more, earns more, and buys more consumer goods than his counterpart of only a generation ago. He gains in creature comforts and ease of life.What he loses to some extent is his sense of personal uniqueness, or individuality.
Some say that France has been Americanized. This is because the United States is a world symbol of the technological society and its consumer products. The so-called Americanization of France has its critics. They fear that "assembly-life" will lead to the disappearance of the pleasures of the more graceful and leisurely (but less productive) old French style. What will happen, they ask, to taste the elegance, and the cultivation of the good things in life—to joy in the smell of a freshly picked apple,a stroll(散步)by the river,or just happy hours of conversation in a local cafe?
Since the late 1950's life in France has indeed taken on qualities of rush, tension, and the pursuit of material gain. Some of the strongest critics of the new way of life are the young, especially university students. They are concerned with the future, and they fear that France is threatened by the triumph of this competitive, goods-oriented culture. Occasionally, they have reacted against the trend with considerable violence.
In spite of the critics, however, countless Frenchmen are committed to keeping France in the forefront of the modern economic world. They find that the present life brings more rewards, conveniences,and pleasures than that of the past. They believe that a modem,industrial France is preferable to the old.
6.Which of the following is Not related to the new French way of life?
A. Shorter lunch hour.
B. Greater output.
C. Creature comforts.
D. Leisurely cafe talk.
7.Which of the following is NOT true about Frenchmen?
A. Many of them prefer the modern life style.
B. They actually enjoy working at the assembly line.
C. They are more concerned with money than before.
D. They are more competitive than the older generation.
8.The passage suggests that _____.
A. in pursuing material gains the French are suffering losses elsewhere
B. it's now unlikely to see a Frenchman enjoying a stroll by the river
C. the French are fed up with the smell of freshly picked apples
D. great changes have occurred in the life style of all Frenchmen
9.Which of the following is true about the critics?
A. Critics are greater in number than people enjoying the new way of life.
B. Student critics are greater in number than critics in other fields.
C. Student critics have, on occasion, resorted to violent means against the trend.
D. Critics are concerned solely with the present and not the future.
10.Which of the following best states the main idea of the passage?
A. Changes in French way of life.
B. Criticism of the new life style.
C. The Americanization of France.
D. Features of the new way of life.
Suicide has been a cause of concern in most societies for a long time. The classical Greeks, for example, required people who wanted to kill themselves to get permission from the senate. While this law is not without humor by today's standards, it clearly shows an awareness of the problem in times gone by.
In today's society, suicide is much more prevalent than we want to admit. Why do people try to take their own lives?
The motives for suicide can be categorized into areas such as a failure, wrath(暴怒), the needfor attention, stress, and so on. However, the qualities of a person who wants to take his own life change from person to person, making it difficult to depict(描寫)the typical victim. To make the problem even more confusing, people will often camouflage(掩蓋)their true feelings, thus causing their friends to disregard problems that should be viewed as serious.
In theUnited States, a network of centers has been created to attempt to prevent suicides.People who are bitter, worded, or depressed are encouraged to contact workers at these centers. These workers, often trained volunteers, offer benevolent advice to the callers, trying to help the callers to see that suicide as a solutions to problems is an illusion. The accomplishments of these centers, insofar(到這個程度)as their effectiveness to reduce suicide is concerned, are minimal However, they have helped a lot of people with a wide variety of problems. So, in the somewhat amorphous(難以名狀的)area of man helping his fellow man, they are certainly a success.
11.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article?
A.The classical Greeks did not know the existence of suicide
B.Suicide has always been prevalent in all parts of the world
C.In today's society, there are quite a number of people who commit suicide
D.Nowadays suicide is not as common as it was in the past
12.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a motive for suicide?
C.The need for attention
13.Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A.People who want to take their own lives often disguise their feelings
B.It is difficult to describe what kind of people tend to commit suicide
C.Suicide has been a problem in most societies since ancient times
D.People who commit suicide all share certain characteristics
14.The word "benevolent" means ( ).
15.The third paragraph mainly tells us that ( ).
A.a network of centers has been quite effective in reducing suicide
B.a network of centers has been quite successful in reducing suicide
C.people are making efforts to help those who tend to commit suicide and in a way, they are successful
D.in theUnited States, people who want to commit suicide call a network of centers to get help
Animals seem to have the sense to eat when they are hungry and they do not eat more than their bodies need. It has been demonstrated that rats will, when given a choice over a period of time, prefer water with vitamins to water without vitamins even though there is no difference in taste or smell between the two water bottles. When a fragrant flavor was added to the vitamin enriched fluid, the rats did seem to develop a taste for it and kept drinking it, even after the vitamins were switched to the clear water. In time, however, they broke the habit and went back to where the necessary vitamins were.
In a classic experiment, babies of 6 to 12 months old were placed in a cafeteria feeding arrangement, with a wide selection of baby food before them. They were given whatever food they pointed to or appeared interested in. We are told that at first they showed some unusual eating patterns, but that over a period of time they managed to select well-balanced diet.
So, in selecting food, rats and babies do seem to know and act on what's best for them.Apparently, there is a kind of "body wisdom", which hmnans soon lose.Most of us do not eat as wisely as we could.
Many of our food preferences are culturally determined and influenced by long-established habits. Some people eat fox, dog and blackbirds, while we eat cows and pigs. So what people eat and how much they eat seem to be greatly influenced by what is going on around them.
16.In the experiment on rats, a fragrant flavor was added to the rat's drinking water to ( ).
A.encourage rats to drink vitamin-enriched water
B.find out rats preference in flavor
C.test whether rats know which drink is good for them
D.demonstrate that vitamins aretasteless
細節題。答案在文章第一段"It has been demonstrated that rats will, when given a choice over a period of time, prefer water with vitamins to water without vitamins even though there is no difference in taste or smell between the two water bottles."
17.The expression "the habit"( Line 6, Paragraph 1) refers to drinking water which ( ).
A.has no smell
細節題。第一段的最后談到"When a fragrant flavor was added to the vitamin-enriched fluid.the rats did seem to develop a taste for it and kept drinking it…"所以句子中的habit實際上指的是老鼠喜歡喝有香味的水。所以D是正確答案。
18.According to the passage, adults eating habits differ from those of babies because ( ).
A.adults know better than babies what kind of food is good for their health
B.adults usually cannot resist the temptation of various delicious foods
C.adults' eating habits are closely related to the social and cultural customs
D.adults have more choices of food than babies in eating patterns
細節題。由文章第二段的最后一句"Babies managed to select well-balanced diet."和文章的第三段中："Many of our food preferences are culturally determined and influenced by lon established habits."可以看出成年人和嬰兒的飲食習慣的不同點在于：成年人的飲食習慣和他們的社會和文化習俗有關。
19.The author implied in the passage that most of us ( ).
A.eat a balanced diet
B.choose the food that is of nutrition
C.have the habits influenced by the surroundings
D.like to eat the food with a fragrant flavor
細節題。根據上下文，我們可以知道，文章中并沒有提到“大多數人都有合理的飲食;選擇有營養的食物以及喜歡吃有香味的食品。”因此A、B、D都是錯誤的。根據文章的最后一句："What people eat and how much they eat seem to be greatly influenced by what is going on around them."可以斷定“我們的飲食習慣受周圍環境的影響。”C是正確答案。
20.As far as their eating habits are concerned, babies and rats are similar in that ( ).
A.both have the wisdom to choose a balanced diet
B.both prefer flavored food and drink
C.both have the same eating patterns
D.both develop a taste for the same kinds of flavors
細節題。由文章第二段的最后一句話："Babies managed to select well-balanced diet."和第三段的第一句話："So.in selecting food, rats and babies do seem to know and act on what's best for them.Apparently, there is a kind of‘body wisdom'which humans soon lose."因此可以推斷：“嬰兒和老鼠飲食習慣的相同點在于他們都會選擇合理的飲食。”因此只有A最符合題意。