公共英語 選課中心 APP下載
當前位置: 首頁 > 公共英語 > 公共英語備考資料 > 公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(1)

公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(1)

考試動態短信提醒

公共英語報名、考試、查分時間、免費短信提醒

地區

點擊獲取驗證 立即預約

請輸入下面的圖形驗證碼

提交驗證

發布時間:2019年06月19日 09:06:18 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

【摘要】小編給大家帶來公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(1),希望對大家有所幫助。

"Family" is of course an elastic word. And in different countries it has different meanings. Butwhen British people say that their society is based on family life, they are thinking of "family"in itsnarrow, peculiarly European sense of mother, father and children living together in their own houseas an economic and social unit. Thus, every British marriage indicates the beginning of a new and in-dependent family--hence the tremendous importance of marriage in British life. For both man andwoman, marriage means leaving one’s parents and starting one’s own life. The man’s first duty willthen be to his wife, and the wife’s to her husband. He will be entirely responsible for her financialsupport, and she for the running of the new home. Their children will be their common responsibilityand their alone. Neither the wife’s parents nor the husband’s, nor their brothers or sisters, aunts oruncles, have any right to interfere with them-they are their own masters.

Readers of novels likeJane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice will know that in former times, marriage among wealthy families were arranged by the girl’s parents, that is, it was the "parents' duty tofind a suitable husband for their daughter, preferably a rich one, and by skillful encouragement tolead him eventually to ask their permission to marry her. Until that time, the girl was protected andmaintained in the parents' home, and the financial relief of getting rid of her could be seen in theirgiving the newly married pair a sum of money called a dowry (嫁妝). It is very different today.Most girls of today get a job when they leave school and become financially independent before theirmarriage. This has had two results. A girl chooses her own husband, and she gets no dowry. Everycoin has two sides; independence for girls is no exception. But it may be a good thing for all of thegirls, as their social status are much higher and they are no longer the subordinate(部下,下級) oftheir parents and husbands.

46. What does the author mean by "Family is of course an elastic word"?

[A]Different families have different ways of life.

[B]Different definitions could be given to the word.

[C]Different nations have different families.

[D]Different times produce different families.

47. For an English family, the husband’s duty is________

[A]supporting the family while the wife is working out

[B]defending the family while the wife is running the home

[C]providing financial support while the wife is running the home

[D]independent while his wife is also independent

48. Everything is decided in a family________

[A]by the couple

[B]with the help of their parents

[C]by brothers and sisters

[D]with the help of aunts and uncles

49. What is TRUE conceming the book Pride and Prejudice?

[A]It is the best book on marriage.

[B]It is a handbook on marriage.

[C]It gives some idea of English social life in the past.

[D]It provides a lot of information of former-time wealthy families.

50. With regard to marriage in Britain, present-day girls differ from former-time girls in________

[A]the right family

[B]more parental support

[C]choosing husbands

[D]social position

參考答案:

“家庭”是一個釋義很靈活的詞語,在不同的國家它有著不同的含義。但是當英國人說他們的社會是建立在家庭生活上時,他們指的是狹義上的家庭,特別是對于歐洲人來說,家庭指的就是爸爸、媽媽和孩子住在自己的房子里,家庭就是經濟單位、社會單位。因此,對于每個英國人來說,結婚就意味著獨立而嶄新的家庭生活開始了,所以婚姻對于英國人來說有著非比尋常的重要意義。無論是對于男人還是女人,結婚都意味著離開自己的父母開始單獨生活。丈夫的首要責任是照顧妻子,而妻子的首要責任是照顧丈夫。丈夫要全權負責妻子經濟上的開銷,妻子要操持整個新家。孩子是他們共同的責任,也只能是他們的責任。男女雙方的父母、兄弟、姐妹、姑姑和叔叔都不能干擾夫妻兩人的生活——他們是自己的主人。

讀過簡·奧斯汀的小說《傲慢與偏見》的人都知道,從前富裕人家的女孩的婚姻都是由她們的父母安排的。也就是說,為女兒找個合適的、最好是有錢的夫君是父母的責任。他們會游說那個年輕人主動向他們女兒求婚。那個時代,女孩還被保護在父母的家中。把女兒嫁出去時,他們要給新婚夫婦經濟補貼,即嫁妝。今時不同往日了。現如今,大多數的女孩子畢業之后都有工作,且結婚之前經濟獨立。這樣會導致兩種結果:女孩可以自己選擇丈夫,但是她也沒有了嫁妝。凡事都有兩面性,女孩兒獨立這件事也不例外。但這對于女孩子來說也許是件好事情,因為她們的社會地位提高了,她們不再是父母和丈夫的附屬品。

答案及解析

46.B【解析】句意理解題。elastic意為“有彈性的,可伸縮的”。由后句可知,此句是說家庭的釋義很靈活,在不同的國家它有不同的含義。

47.C【解析】細節題。答案見第一段“He will be en.Tirely responsible for her financial support,andshe for the running of the new home.”。

48.A【解析】細節題。根據第一段最后一句,“男女雙方的父母、兄弟、姐妹、姑姑和叔叔都不能干擾夫妻兩人的生活——他們是自己的主人”可知家里一切事務都由夫妻二人自己決定。49.C【解析】推論題。第二段提到小說《傲慢與偏見》中有對舊時代婚姻狀況的描寫,這是當時英國社會生活的一個方面。

50.D【解析】細節題。由最后一段可知,和以前相比,現在的女孩經濟獨立,社會地位提高了。

分享到: 編輯:紀文凱

環球網校移動課堂APP 直播、聽課。職達未來!

安卓版

下載

iPhone版

下載
環球小過-環球網校官方微信服務平臺

刷題看課 APP下載

免費直播 一鍵購課

代報名等人工服務

返回頂部
包租婆单双中特